9:30 AM to 12:30 PM. In addition to palm-leaf manuscripts, it had been passed on as word of mouth from parents to their children and from preceptors to their students for generations within the Tamil-speaking regions of South India. [106][107] Following are some of the instances where Valluvar employs contradictions to expound the virtues. [26] According to Zvelebil, besides being part of the ancient Tamil literary tradition, the author was also a part of the "one great Indian ethical, didactic tradition" as a few of the verses in the Kural text are "undoubtedly" translations of the verses of earlier Indian texts. ", "The greatest virtue of all is non-killing; truthfulness cometh only next. The best thing we … [18] The Tamil people and the government of Tamil Nadu have long celebrated and upheld the text with reverence. Uyar Valluvam - Class 42. "[1] Etymologically, kural is the shortened form of kural paattu, which is derived from kuruvenpaattu, one of the two Tamil poetic forms explained by Tolkappiyam, the other one being neduvenpaattu. Vasu Chakra 7 Senavati S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N1 43 Gavambodhi S R1 G2 M2 P D1 N1 8 Hanumatodi S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N2 44 Bhavapriya S R1 G2 M2 P D1 N2 9 Dhenuka S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N3 45 Subhapantuvarali S R1 G2 M2 P D1 N3 10 Natakapriya S R1 G2 M1 P D2 N2 46 Shadvidhamargini S R1 G2 M2 P D2 N2 11 Kokilapriya S R1 G2 M1 D2 N3 47 Suvarnangi S R1 … [124] Parimelalhagar's commentary has survived over the centuries in many folk and scholarly versions. "[222], a. [206], Statues of Valluvar have been erected across the globe, including the ones at Kanyakumari, Chennai, Bengaluru, Pondicherry, Haridwar, Puttalam, Singapore, London and Taiwan. The text recommends a hierarchical military organization staffed with fearless soldiers who are willing to die in war. [210], The Kural remains one of the most influential Tamil texts admired by generations of scholars. THE BEST 10 Suzuki LS 650 Savage - Chopper - Bobber - Custom Bike Compilation by Joseph Punk MC 7 months ago 8 minutes, 50 seconds 124,102 views [123] According to Norman Cutler, Parimelalhagar's commentary interprets and maneuvers the Kural text within his own context, grounded in the concepts and theological premises of Hinduism. "[180] Leo Tolstoy called it "the Hindu Kural,"[183] and Mahatma Gandhi called it "a textbook of indispensable authority on moral life" and went on to say, "The maxims of Valluvar have touched my soul. ... View Details → 30 March. [25], In his treatise of Tamil literary history published in 1974, Zvelebil states that the Kural text does not belong to the Sangam period and dates it to somewhere between 450 and 500 CE. Take Part by Spreading Goodness. [135], By the end of the 20th century, there were about 24 translations of the Kural in English alone, by both native and non-native scholars, including those by V. V. S. Aiyar, K. M. Balasubramaniam, Shuddhananda Bharati, A. Chakravarti, M. S. Purnalingam Pillai, C. Rajagopalachari, P. S. Sundaram, V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar, G. Vanmikanathan, Kasturi Srinivasan, S. N. Sriramadesikan, and K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar. These are written by various scholars to develop, comment on and expound the terse ideas such as a kural or a sutra or any text of significant significance (e.g. "[180], The portrait of Tirukkural author with matted hair and a flowing beard, as drawn by artist K. R. Venugopal Sharma in 1960, was accepted by the state and central governments as the standardised version. [66] In their isolated form, that is, when removed from the context of the 10-couplet chapter, the couplets lose their structural meaning but retain the "wise saying, moral maxim" sense. Maharishi Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School, Chetpet. This has led almost every major religious group in India, including Christianity, to claim the work and its author as one of their own. 035 Uyar Valluvam Thirukkural- பயனில சொல்லாமை (Payanila Sollamai) 320 Kbps 323.32 MB 2:17:57 17621 Uploader: Karka Kasadara Trust -karka dot in DOWNLOAD PLAY. [173], According to Thomas Manninezhath – a theology scholar who grew up in South India, the Tirukkural is believed by the natives to reflect Advaita Vedanta philosophy and teaches an "Advaitic way of life". [8] According to Kamil Zvelebil, a Czech scholar of Tamil literature, these early dates such as 300 BCE to 1 BCE are unacceptable and not supported by evidence within the text. [28] According to Blackburn, the "current scholarly consensus" dates the text and the author to approximately 500 CE. No. 018 Uyar Valluvam Thirukkural- வாழ்க்கைத் துணைநலம்-2 மக்கட்பேறு-1 (ValkaiThunaiNalam-2 Makkatperu-1) by Karka Kasadara Uyar Valluvam 2:13:39 [75], The Kural text begins with an invocation of God and then praises the rain for being the vitalizer of all life forms on earth. The Abandonment of Reserve (, Chapter 133. [88], According to Hajela, the Porul of the Kural text is based on morality and benevolence as its cornerstones. The Tamil inscription on his grave makes note of his commentary of Tirukkural.[239]. For example, Parimelalhagar cogently explains the ethical connections between couplets 380 and 620, 481 and 1028, 373 and 396, and 383 and 672. Netra Chakra 8. Not Speaking Senseless Words (, Chapter 26. Chennai: International Institute of Tamil Studies. [8] His estimate is based on the language of the text, its allusions to the earlier works, and its borrowing from some Sanskrit treatises. 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