1st Lord Baltimore 1625-1632: Received the title Baron of Baltimore, a town on the souther coast of Ireland, from King James I of England February 1625 and thus became the 1st Lord Baltimore. Maryland was one the original thirteen colonies that declared its independence from Great Britain on July 4, 1776. Lord Baltimore : founder of Maryland by Robinson, J. Dennis. The colony of Maryland was founded and long governed by an English family. Calvert, the 2nd Lord Baltimore led the first expedition that consisted of two ships that had formerly belonged to Baltimore's father, the Ark and the Dove, which crossed the Atlantic and founded the first settlement at St. Mary's in 1634 on land purchased from the native Yaocomico Indians. All were welcomed to Maryland. He lived first in St. Mary's City and later at his wife's property called Mattapany. With his father's death in 1675, Charles became the third Lord Baltimore and the only proprietor to live in Maryland. The following Facts about Lord Baltimore will talk about the first Proprietor and Proprietary Governor of Maryland Province. Cecil died in 1675, after governing Maryland for forty-two years. For most of the period, the reward was a right to 50 acres of land per person transported. Baron Baltimore, an extinct title in the Peerage of Ireland, held by several including: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore (1580–1632) Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (Lord Baltimore), the original namesake of the City of Baltimore, Maryland and adjacent Baltimore County; Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore (1637–1715) His sons carried on his work. At first it seemed as if this good man's best hopes for his colony might be fulfilled. Freedom of religion was important to help the Maryland colonists to live together in peace. His real name was Cecil Calvert. 1 Cecilius Calvert, "Instructions to the Colonists by Lord Baltimore, (1633)" in Clayton Coleman Hall, ed., Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910), 11-23. He was born on August 8th, 1605 and died on November 30th, 1675. Although founded as a refuge for Catholics, Lord Baltimore did not want his colony to close its doors on anyone who was suffering for religious views. George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore (1580?–1632), planned the colony but did not live to see it formed. The Second Lord Baltimore left an important legacy in the Maryland colony concerning religious freedom. In 1647, his brother Leonard died, and a rash of violence against Catholics swept the colony. He came to Maryland in 1661 and served as governor until 1675. Although it initially formed part of Virginia, Maryland became a separate colony under a charter granted to Lord Baltimore in 1634 and it became the 7th U.S. state when it ratified the U.S. Constitution on April 28, 1788. He was known as the second Baron Baltimore. He petitioned for and received a grant of land north ofthe Potomac River; an area now known as Delaware and Maryland. They were Cecil, second Lord Baltimore (1605?–1675) and Leonard (1606–47). During the first years of his Province of Maryland, 1633-1681, Lord Baltimore rewarded people who transported themselves or others with rights to land, usually called headrights. Publication date 2006 Topics Baltimore, Cecil Calvert, Baron, approximately 1605-1675 -- Juvenile literature, Calvert family -- Juvenile literature, Baltimore, Cecil Calvert, Baron, approximately 1605-1675, Calvert family, Maryland -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 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