Intelligence updates are discussed here and changes to the sonar search plan are discussed. Navy STS - Sonar Operator Sonar Equipment Operators operate sonar systems, underwater fire control systems, and support equipment on combatant surface ships and fixed shore stations. An element is a hydrophone that can be a piezoelectric device that is sensitive to sound or a more modern synthetic element that is much smaller. Interpreting data received from sensitive sonar equipment and sub-surface fire control systems is the main responsibility of the sonar technician. A well-trained team will do this without direction. When the Captain is ready, he will order us to come around and begin to trail the target. ‘Quick quiet’ is announced silently by cycling the lights around the submarine. Similarly, the U.S. Navy depends on sonar for defending our ships at sea. Sound is energy moving through a medium, like water or air. They conduct undersea surveillance and aid in safe navigation. Tracking contacts while searching for new targets requires a disciplined operator. He served in both Atlantic and Pacific Oceans on 688 Los Angles Class Fast Attack and Ohio class ballistic missile submarines. But in the vicinity of enemy ships, it may by dangerous to use How Submarines Regularly 'Fight To The Death' Off The Bahamas. We can’t conduct noisy evolutions on the mission, so we get that done early while underway. All SonarOps receive the same core occupation training, but approximately one or two choose to complete submariner training following their basic qualification course. The sonarman can listen to each bearing and determine if the rise in background noise is a target or not. What They Do: They are Enlisted Sailors who carry out physical work to help Navy Oceanographers and Meteorologists get… Navy Musician (MU-SG) Navy Diver (ND-ATF)* Sonar Technician Surface (STG-AEF) Sonar Technician Surface (STG-5YO) Special Warfare Boat Operator (SB-ATF) Special Warfare Operator (SO-ATF) Sub Electronics Computer Field (SECF-5YO) *Limited to $20,000 in eligible loans. Armed Forces Pages Community Organization Armed Forces Royal Canadian Navy Videos #TradesTuesday - Sonar Operator A single array is a group of elements that send information to the sonar beamformer. The data passes into the beamformer, where it is 'sorted' in the proper direction. Sonar Technician - Surface roadmaps are just what the name implies - a roadmap through the Enlisted Learning and Development Continuum from Seaman Recruit through Master Chief. The automated tracking system tracks and stores contact history without operator action. The sonar picture of the area around the platform (ship or submarine) is a tactical puzzle. Navy Enlisted Rating: Sonar Technician - The Balance Careers Just because we found our high-value target doesn’t mean he’s alone. The Navy Sonar Technician is highly trained in electronics and acoustics of ships, submarines, and oceanographic issues. The array size and number of elements determine the frequency range of the information displayed. Whether on ship or submarine, the sonar technician is critical to the safety and mission capability of the vessel and crew. The Shadowy World Of Submarine And Ship-Launched Torpedo Countermeasures. Each sonar operator is wearing headphones, listening to the low volume static-like white noise of the ocean. The means and methods of the sonar operator’s job are one part of science combined with some individual talent to recognize acoustic patterns both audibly and visually. Every NEC has different ASVAB score requirements. In a high contact environment, this can rapidly overwhelm an operator. Initial movements are closely monitored because no one is sure how close the new contact is to their own ship. Automatic artificial intelligence algorithms flag potential targets for the sonar operators to verify. What Are the Job Duties of the Navy's Fire Control Technician? They combine some natural ability with yearlong shore-based training before putting on a set of headphones at sea. As sailors gradually move through A School and complete different phases, their restrictions are slowly lifted and liberties are increased. Sound analysis is a vital tool in naval operations. During a 20-year period in the Navy, STGs spend about 60 percent of their time assigned to fleet units and 40 percent to shore stations in the United States or IUSS commands throughout the world.. PURPOSE. We get underway and update the sonar search plan with the probable threats we expect to encounter. Aaron Amick is a retired U.S. Navy submarine sonarman. Before we get underway we swing by the squadron building and pick up our package. Enlistment Bonus Physical Screening Test (EBPST) — $2,000 Passive sonar signal processing: Projects focus on signal processing algorithms that detect, classify and locate modern diesel-electric submarines at … Sonar employment is a hunt. Target acquisition in sonar begins a series of events. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. The Sonar Supervisor is responsible for providing a clear picture of the real world tactical situation outside the submarine and to make sure that it matches the tactical fire control system's report. For enlistment into the Navy you must get a minimum ASVAB score of 35. A sonar watch is exhausting and deserves a good shower afterward. To help manage the flow of information, the Sonar Supervisor stands behind the operators where they can see all the displays. Adds the following qualification cards: (1) Basic Handling Equipment Operator (2) Launcher System Operator Several passive ranging techniques, speed calculation, and real-time bearing change formulas are used to generalize the target's position. INTRODUCTION TO THE NAVY ENLISTED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM. Big claims abound about mysterious objects submariners detect below the waves, so we went straight to the source and what we found out was surprising. As the target moves, the frequency shifts slightly due to its Doppler effect. Sonar technicians in the Navy are required to be U.S. citizens as they deal with secret to top secret activities when aboard ship or submarine.Â, Sub-Specialties Available for This Rating: Navy Enlisted Classification Codes for STG. National Archives photograph, USN 1047343. Sea tours and shore tours for sailors that have completed four sea tours will be 36 months at sea followed by 36 months ashore until retirement. Just outside our submarine, our target unknowingly passes along our port side. Individuals will attend Navy A School after they have completed boot camp. This is required for recording verification, annotation, and documenting the events that are about to unfold. They are planning their own ambush and have a lot of the same tools we have. A Submarine Group or admiral’s representative will ride with us as well. We wait as the contact passes through CPA (closest point of approach) and opens range. It’s like sailing in a sonic hall of mirrors. The cooks in the galley are like statues with mitten gloves and serving pans. Editor's note: For those new to the topic, this is a very basic and brief description of a submarine's sonar. Sonar (sound navigation and ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels. Marine mammals rely on underwater sound to survive. The Approach Officer is typically the Captain, but can be any commissioned officer. Narrowband sonar displays are a collection of data pages that are examined continuously, zoomed, interrogated, and calculated for possible contact relations. He has published two audiobooks on Cold War-era submarines, Akula SSN Project 971 Sub Brief and USS Nautilus SSN-571 Sub Brief. Deep-sea oceans have unique characteristics like deep sound channels that trap noise and allow it to travel for hundreds of miles with very little loss of energy. The experienced sonar team analyzes each detection for the contact’s characteristics. Basic Sonar Operator (Navy - Enlisted) 17-3029.00: Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other: 001760: Advanced Sonar Operator (Navy - Enlisted) 49-2093.00: Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment: 001765: Now the sonar signal is ready for display on the operator's console. We break down how modern torpedo attacks really go down and the types of torpedoes that are used to sink ships and other submarines. A narrowband frequency shift or a distant active sonar can be subtle, but the experienced sailor can quickly identify these changes. Once you experience victory at sea, nothing else can give you a similar feeling. "ASW training, including the use of active sonar in at-sea training scenarios during COMPTUEX, is vital to training sonar operators and ensuring the Navy stays competent in … Each Navy job is given a code known as a Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC). Modern sonar systems have multiple arrays displaying data at the same time in this format. This is the solution a weapon will be given before it’s launched. Broadband sonar displays what areas around the array are louder than others. Now, Aaron manages a small Patreon page and contributes to The War Zone. The series describes the peak of WW II US submarine technology. In this article, we will dive into what a sonar team provides the tactical decision-makers on board a vessel and how they go about providing it. Navy A School does not have as many restrictions as boot camp, but does not have as many freedoms as a sailor will once they complete training. The Navy seeks multiplayer serious games for ASW and undersea warfare sonar operator training to address this proficiency challenge. Contact classification is done in two steps: First, the initial classification is the impression the operator gets when he first hears the target. Navy A School … When the sonarman dons their headphones, they must use initiative, intuition, and individual ability to execute their role within the sonar team in order to catch the target. For example, if a Navy police officer ( MA -- Master at Arms ) receives specialized training as a K-9 Dog Handler, he/she would be awarded NEC MA-2005. The Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) system, of which the NEC coding system is a part, supplements the enlisted rating structure in identifying personnel on active or inactive duty and billets in manpower authorizations. In fact, he’s probably not. NEC codes identify a non-rating wide skill, knowledge, aptitude, or qualification that must be documented to identify both people and billets for management purposes. The broadband shows the collective energy received by the array on a bearing over time in a 'waterfall' format, cascading down from top to bottom, like a digital scroll. Sonar technician (abbreviated as ST) is a United States Navy occupational rating. Interpreting data received from sensitive sonar equipment and sub-surface fire control systems is the main responsibility of the sonar technician. This operator must carefully investigate every bearing and every frequency from every array in real-time. It travels in sinusoidal waves radiating out in all directions from a source. Watching this Doppler shift is one method sonar ‘sees’ the contact and plots its position. The lightweight, portable, diver-held sonar system is economically powered by standard flashlight battering. Once on station, the sonar team manning is increased. Let’s go through a hypothetical mission where all this comes together. Target frequencies are recorded and plotted over time. Sonar Operator salaries at Canadian Armed Forces can range from $47,739-$76,334. Few countries outside NATO operate independently. Half the 14-man sonar division is on watch at any time. The second step in classification requires analysis. Every direction, elevation, frequency, and automated detection must be verified on each array. Nukes, Nubs And Coners: The Unique Social Hierarchy Aboard A Nuclear Submarine. The sonar has been designed by Ultra Electronics Command & Sonar Systems and will replace the legacy Sonar Type 2050, which has been in Royal Navy service since the 1990s. It contains the latest weather projections for our operating area and any units that are not in port and maybe in the area. They act as a second set of eyes looking for things the operators may have missed. A similar training game was developed by the Office of Naval Research (ONR), Lincoln Laboratory, and Pipeworks titled Strike Group Defender. During this time, sonar data is sent to the fire control computers and a solution is set. SONAR is the name applied to all underwater sound gear. Modern Submarine Torpedo Attacks Are Nothing Like What You See In The Movies. The sea is full of noise. Physical Fitness Bonus. The watches are long and intense as each new update is vigorously scrutinized for detection. Fishing trawlers, long voyage merchant ships, wind, rain, tectonic and biological activity is a constant backdrop the sonar operator must use their tools to peer through the deepsea veil and find the target. Naval Electronic Sensor Operators operate the radar and radio detection devices, radar jamming systems and decoys, and gun/missile-firing equipment carried on major naval warships. No one moves. Machinist's Mate: Marine Corps Enlisted Jobs and What They Involve, What You Need to Know About the Nuclear Trained Machinist Mate. It takes 30 to 45 seconds to get a look at a new detection and discover what kind of engine she’s running, what kind of hydraulic pumps are online, and what screw blade configuration she is using. The engine room watch stands in place with their logs in hand. No one moves. Rod Powers was the U.S. Military expert for The Balance Careers and was a retired Air Force First Sergeant with 22 years of active duty service. Data is not just directed from the array to fire control. To understand how a sonarman analyzes acoustic detections, we must begin with understanding sound itself. Technology, performance and design delivered to your inbox. The bow sonar arrays on the Seawolf class attack submarines. The analysis of information is a large part of the sonar team’s responsibility. A. If the requirements are met, the sonar display will mark the detection to bring the operator's attention to it. During our transit time, we are receiving radio traffic updating us with unit locations, both NATO and otherwise, that may be in our area. The intense cooperation of the sonar team and the sonar algorithms are necessary to be successful in the high data flow of today's complex sonar environments. This estimate is based upon 2 Canadian Armed Forces Sonar Operator salary report(s) provided by employees or estimated based upon statistical methods. is a coined name, taken from the words SOund Navigation And Ranging. After "C" school and a sonar operator course (6-8 weeks), STGs are assigned to surface ships as sonar equipment operators. Improved knowledge and practical experience give today’s sonarmen the confidence and ability to fight and win the next hunt. He or she is typically the most experienced operator on the team and can help classify and localize a new detection. A sharp, metallic transient object is out of place in the natural undersea world. From that point on, the sailor could be assigned to Navy law enforcement duties involving military working dogs. Just like how Navy planes have vast instrumented ranges for aerial wargames, submarines have one too, and it is arguably even more impressive. This is were we deconflict the operating schedule of the submarine’s mission assignments. The search for new contacts continues while the operator ensures a solid contact track is maintained. It’s a tactical game where the board is constantly changing. sonar, Fire Control Technician of the Watch, and Anchor Operator qualification cards. Sound analysis is a vital tool in naval operations. A small specialized trade, sonar operators (SonarOps) are employed in both the Halifax-Class frigates and Victoria-Class submarines, with the majority working in the surface fleet. The Navy seeks multiplayer serious games for ASW and undersea warfare sonar operator training to address this proficiency challenge. Smaller elements allow design engineers to add more receivers to an array while also shrinking its overall size. We switch to eight hours on watch, eight hours off watch ‘Port and Starboard’ rotations. They use radar and sonar to detect, track, recognize, analyze, and identify objects. Active sonar signal processing: Projects focus on active sonar systems for wide area surveillance, distributed search and battle-group defense. We received training, a fitness regime, and lots of tests. Sonar operators are a trained group of sailors who are responsible for managing a large amount of … The Navy Sonar Technician is highly trained in electronics and acoustics of ships, submarines, and oceanographic issues. USN A sonar system will detect these waves and display them in different formats to the operator. The radar and sonar systems are also used to … Small, inconsistent, and unrelated data must be pieced together to determine if a contact is detected. The Sonar Supervisor is the liaison between the raw acoustic data and the Approach Officer. The target knows they are being hunted. Generally speaking, Sonarmen are trained to detect changes in patterns. The California CareerZone helps students, educators, jobseekers, and others access up-to-date information on wages, job openings, and other information specific to their state along with great information on careers, colleges, and more. The sonar system assists in target detection and classification. It was the eyes and ears of sonar operators that were responsible for detecting, monitoring, and tracking “red force” submarines during the exercise. The Office of Naval Intelligence will also send us two or three specially trained sonarmen to assist us in tracking and recording the mission targets from the sonar perspective. Navy A School is the first stage of technical training for your specific rating. They operate surface ship underwater fire control systems (with associated equipment) for the solution of anti-submarine warfare problems, and perform organizational and intermediate maintenance on surface sonar and allied equipment. At the sonar consoles, some operators are tasked with finding new contacts. The sonar array feeds data into signal conditioners like a preamplifier and equalizer. Facts that Can Help You Become a Navy Electronics Technician, Navy Enlisted Classification System NECs Cryptologic Technician Area, Navy Qualification Factors for Information System Technician (IT), Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. When on the surface you will act as the Radar operator and as part of the Ship's Protection Force be trained in the use of weaponry, such as the 5.56mm rifle and General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG), designed to protect the submarine and its Ship's Company in all areas around the globe. Earphones provide the diver with audio information of objects by the searching sonar beam, 5 May 1960. 10 or more years of Navy ASW operational experience and/or equivalent work experience in an ASW related technical field desired… The Fusion Plot combines all the targets from every array on a single image anyone on the Tracking Party can use to get the contact picture around our submarine. These are the audio and visual cues the trained sonar operator hunts for tirelessly while on watch. It can also be a transit detection like a sharp metallic sound that is heard out of the blue or active sonar that lights up a display like it's the holidays. Surviving below the waves relies primarily on stealth, but if detected, countermeasures may be your only shot of keeping out of a watery grave. Radar and sonar operators set up, operate, and perform preventive maintenance on sophisticated radar and sonar equipment. Thirdly I had seen the film The Hunt for Red October and for some reason the role of sonar operator on a submarine seemed really glamourous to me. Sea environments vary greatly and have an enormous impact on sonar performance. These waves have both an amplitude energy level and a wavelength frequency. the submarine. We attend daily ‘Warfighter Councils’ in the wardroom where we brief the Captain about our current environment and expected encounters, if any. Everyone that enters the Norwegian Navy starts with six weeks basic training on the same base. This is what it’s like to hunt on a submarine. b. What U.S. Submariners Actually Say About Detection Of So-Called Unidentified Submerged Objects. It is dated in a sort of wonderful way, but still worthwhile for a basic primer: Sonar systems use a variety of arrays to detect energy. There is a team of people working the fire control computers, this is the Fire Control Tracking Party, they set the target solution. Submarine Sonar Operator's Manual, Navpers 16167, is one of a series of submarine training manuals that was completed just after WW II. This hunt is also addictive and keeps sonarmen coming back for more—studying the environment, looking for that acoustic advantage that may be the difference between success and being detected. Sonar Operators spend much of their career on board ships with “home ports” in either Halifax, Nova Scotia, or Esquimalt, British Columbia. Target classification is a stepped process of assigning a general rating like biologic or merchant, then refining it into a specific classification as more information is available. “You have to set yourself up for success. When the sonarman assigns his tracker, the sonar computer already has the recent history of the target and offers it to the operator for analysis. Underway, the sonar team is planning tactical positions, taking advantage of the environment and topography to catch their prey. A Navy frogman tests new sonar equipment developed to located underwater objects. The narrowband processors take the broadband energy and divide it into individual frequencies that cross the full spectrum of the array. The sonar supervisor has an independent solution he calculates from the raw acoustic data. He is the check between the reality outside the submarine and what the fire control tracking party believes is happening. Information like detailed frequency analysis from the target’s mechanical and electrical sources are also plotted and used to help confirm the solution. Smaller elements allow design engineers to add more receivers to an array while also shrinking overall... He is the solution a weapon will be given before it ’ Sonarmen! Array while also shrinking its overall size the team and can help classify and localize a detection. With the probable threats we expect to encounter is set Brookline Media Inc. all Rights.! 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To come around and begin to trail the target ’ s a tactical puzzle attend Navy a School and different.: for those new to the low volume static-like white noise of sonar... Communication between stations ) ) Brookline Media Inc. all Rights Reserved systems have multiple arrays displaying at... Frequency shifts slightly due to its Doppler effect these waves have both an energy... Attacks are nothing like what you see in the sonar operator navy undersea world are the job duties of sonar! Recognize, analyze, and unrelated data must be pieced together to determine if requirements. He has published two audiobooks on Cold War-era submarines, and documenting the events that examined! This time, sonar data is sent to the sonar display will mark the.. At sea, nothing else can give you a similar feeling done by the searching sonar beam, 5 1960...