We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. var s = '' (What substances would an organism of such age, exposed to airborne news of a billion volcanoes, have learned how to synthesize in the meantime?) More >>>, L. divaricata. Native Americans in the Southwest held beliefs that it treated many maladies, including sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, chicken pox, dysmenorrhea, and snakebite. Larrea tridentata - (Sessé.&Moc. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. [6], Larrea tridentata is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 to 3 m (3.3 to 9.8 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft). by the tobacco industry, primarily I think in the form of the deliberately designed overdose known as a cigaret, when a utensil as described above, offering 25-mg. single servings, makes a wide range of interesting herbs available at minimal or zero health risk to smokers, both those who wish to reduce and those who wish to eliminate their tobacco habit. names in breadcrumbs. The stems of the plant bear resinous, dark green leaves with two opposite lanceolate leaflets joined at the base, with a deciduous awn between them, each leaflet 7 to 18 mm (0.28 to 0.71 in) long and 4 to 8.5 mm (0.16 to 0.33 in) broad. To what is stated on this site about medicinal uses could be added that of (VERY MODERATE) smoking. Larrea mexicana. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Also, in the first line - I dislike the listing of "greasewood" as a … They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Color: Yellow Common name: Creosote Bush, Greasewood Latin name: Larrea tridentata Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Height: 3-10 feet Description: Creosote bush is an open, vase-shape shrub with solitary, small, numerous flowers on grayish stems/trunks. Coville var. [22] The shrub is still widely used as an herbal medicine in Mexico. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. Common Names: Creosote Bush, Stinkweed, Greasewood. It has been alive an estimated 11,700 years, in the central Mojave Desert near present-day Lucerne Valley, California. Bladder infection 3. Larrea tridentata Common name: Chaparral. [25] In 2005, Health Canada issued a warning to consumers to avoid using the leaves of Larrea species because of the risk of damage to the liver and kidneys. Recognized by USDA Plants data. ex DC.)Coville. Experimental Crop  Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Management: CoppiceRequires a moderately fertile moisture-retentive soil in full sun or light shade[200]. Other Common Names: Comments: Creosote is extremely long-lived, and some are thought to be as old as 11,000 years! Varieites include : Larrea tridentata (DC.) Larrea tridentata called creosote bush and greasewood as a plant,[2] chaparral as a medicinal herb,[3] and gobernadora in Mexico. The utensil has a quarter-inch (6 mm.) In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). Colds 6. Management: coppice. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Now, however, it has been shown[citation needed] that the root systems of mature creosote plants are simply so efficient at absorbing water that fallen seeds nearby cannot accumulate enough water to germinate, effectively creating dead zones around every plant.[19]. In terms of negative water potential, creosote bushes can operate fully at -50 bars of water potential and have been found living down to -120 bars, although the practical average floor is around -70 bars, where the plant's need for cellular respiration generally exceeds the level that the water-requiring process of photosynthesis can provide. tridentata: 3 toothed. Edibility Rating (2 of 5) Other Uses (3 of 5) Weed Potential : Yes: Medicinal Rating (2 of 5) Carbon Farming - Industrial Crop: hydrocarbon. Common names Kreosotstrauch in German chaparral in English creosote in English creosote bush in English tridentata. Part used: Aerial. Galls may form by the activity of the creosote gall midge. tridentata Editor: … Known scientifically as Larrea tridentata, and in common parlance as the creosote bush, it produces small, pretty yellow flowers in spring and summer. arenaria L.D. Larrea tridentata var. Larrea tridentata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert. [5], Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, New Mexico, and Texas in the United States, and Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis Potosì in Mexico. As a plant known as "creosote bush" and "greasewood", as a medicinal herb known as "chaparral" and as "gobernadora" in Mexico. Lemm, Jeffrey. Species recognized by Mexico Species List, United States … This shrub is extremely common and widespread in the desert and is the predominate plant in areas known as creosote flats. Carbon Farming - Cultivation: experimental. Synonyms: Larrea divaricata Cav. Larrea species Larrea tridentata Name Synonyms Larrea tridentata var. Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Edible Parts: Edible Uses: Condiment  TeaThe flower buds are pickled in vinegar and used as a caper substitute[183]. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Not considered safe as a herbal remedy [301]. You can unsubscribe at anytime. [11], The "King Clone" creosote ring is one of the oldest living organisms on Earth. Weight loss Some early research points to potential support for some (but not all) of these uses, but the… Measurements of the plant, as well as radiocarbon dating of wood fragments, were used to determine the plant's mean annual growth rate outward from the center of the ring. Larrea tridentata. [12][13][14], King Clone was identified and its age estimated by Frank Vasek, a professor at the University of California, Riverside. Habitats: Desert areas[254]. I haven't found any additional information about this yet, but perhaps your organization can provide same to my email address. [18] Originally,[citation needed] it was assumed that the plant produced a water-soluble inhibitor that prevented the growth of other bushes near mature, healthy bushes. This single clonal colony plant of L. tridentata reaches up to 67 ft (20 m) in diameter, with an average diameter of 45 ft (14 m). Notice that most other plants avoid creosote "groves", as the roots of the plant emit repellents. Symbol Key - LATR2. U.S. Weed Information. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. 1. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUnited_States_Herbarium1890 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWignallBowers1993 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Food and Drug Administration, "The oldest living thing is a quiet survivor", "Health Canada warns consumers not to take products containing chaparral", "King Clone, The World's Oldest Living Thing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Larrea_tridentata&oldid=996521055, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:36. It can be readily found in the Mojave, Sonaran, and Chihuahuan deserts as well as Death Valley, but its territory includes parts of New Mexico and Texas as well. I found that Larrea mexicana, or an herb so advertised on the package, had a very rich, distinctive (though slightly scary) flavor and even, more than most I tried, left a specific feeling in the chest which I judged to indicate potential toxicity if I had overdosed on it, which of course the utensil expressly prevents. tridentata. [14][15] It is within the Creosote Rings Preserve of the Lucerne Valley and Johnson Valley.[14]. Family - Zygophyllaceae. Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Expectorant  OdontalgicCreosote bush was widely used by various North American Indian tribes. We are currently updating this section. The bark is a light grey color, patterned with darker shaded, swollen nodes. This rapid uptake causes branches to grow several centimeters at the end of a wet season. It is a member of the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) [52,98]. The plant has been widely used medicinally by … [7] In the regions where it grows, its smell is often associated with the "smell of rain".[8]. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. The specific name tridentata refers to its three-toothed leaves. * Important announcements and news ... Larrea tridentata (DC.) Plant Family: Zygophyllaceae. Diabetes 7. The species grows as far east as Zapata County, Texas, along the Rio Grande southeast of Laredo near the 99th meridian west. Missouri Botanical Garden. The twigs are chewed to alleviate thirst[2, 183]. Black banding at the nodes of Larrea tridentata is caused by resin secreted by glands on the inner surfaces of the stipules. The flowers are up to 25 mm (0.98 in) in diameter, with five yellow petals. The small stems that break off while stripping the leaves off are fine to keep with the medicine. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. Right plant wrong place. Cuttings of new growth in spring in a frame[200]. Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) has an unromantic name but possesses wonderful medicinal properties and fascinating adaptive abilities. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Carbon Farming  Dynamic accumulator  Scented Plants. How is it used? QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. I pursued an interest in learning about numerous herbs available at health food stores from this perspective, using an anti-overdose mini-toke utensil which I have been interested in introducing as an alternative to the pernicious 700-mg. hot-burning-overdose nicotine cigaret and other common smoking procedures, all overdose-oriented, probably for the sake of tobacco industry profits. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. subsp. Range: South-western N. America. University of California Press. This normally happens when the plant is 30 to 90 years old. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. One of my favorite first aid plants for infections is Chaparral (Larrea tridentata, Zygophyllaceae). 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 21:309--320] Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via … [26], Cancer Research UK states: "We don't recommend that you take chaparral to treat or prevent any type of cancer."[27]. [23], Larrea tridentata is often referred to as chaparral when used as a herbal remedy and supplement; however, it does not grow in the synonymous plant community chaparral. It is thought that this meeting reestablished a biological relationship that was broken when the American camels became extinct in the Quaternary Extinction Event, making it an evolutionary anachronism. The plant is resinous and aromatic[200]. Mature plants, however, can tolerate extreme drought stress. Germination is quite active during wet periods, but most of the young plants die very quickly unless water conditions are optimal. The degree to which the taste was intriguing and interesting indicated that its use in moderate quantities was or could be positive for the mental function, as often advocated in the case of such an herb as cannabis. Plants drop some leaves heading into summer, but if all leaves are lost, the plant will not recover. Creosote bush stands tend to display an evenly spaced distribution of plants. Skin problems, including acne 10. Some N. American Indian tribes heated the shoot tips of this plant and dripped the sap (probably the resin[K]) into tooth cavities to treat toothache[213]. From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age. SPECIES: Larrea tridentata GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Creosotebush is a native, drought-tolerant, evergreen shrub growing up to 13.2 feet (4 m) tall. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Ground heat compounds the young plants' susceptibility to water stress, and ground temperatures can reach upwards of 70 °C (160 °F). Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Leaf: The leaf is a distinctive bifolate wing, tiny; usually yellow-green becoming darker and aromatic after rainfall. Chemicals found in creosote bush roots have been shown to inhibit the growth of burro bush roots, but as of 2013, much of their relationship remains unexplained. As the creosote bush grows older, its oldest branches eventually die and its crown splits into separate crowns. creosote bush. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Larrea_tridentata is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). It has a number of other common names, but in the world of herbal medicine, Chaparral seems to be the most common, common name. A resin is obtained from the leaves and twigs, it delays or prevents oils and fats from becoming rancid[183]. To become established, the young plant apparently must experience three to five years of abnormally cool and moist weather during and after germination. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Respiratory infections 9. 16 Nov 2020 Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Names: Creosote Bush, Creosotebush Plant Characteristics. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Contact dermatitis also reported. Sometimes plants appear as if carefully spaced, possibly due to wide spreading roots and allopathy. 2. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The herb must first be sifted through 1/16" wire mesh screen to achieve a particle size which burns smooth and slow in such a utensil. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Coville var. Several reports of chaparral-associated hepatitis have been published since 1990, but a complete picture of the clinical presentation is still unclear. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. creosotebush. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Cell division can occur during these times of water stress, and new cells commonly quickly absorb water after rainfall. Sexually transmitted diseases 11. Chaparral (Larrea tridentata) is a botanical dietary supplement made from a desert shrub and used for its antioxidant properties. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. The stems and leaves are a tea substitute[183]. [20] The Coahuilla Indians used the plant for intestinal complaints and tuberculosis. L. mexicana. It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Family: Zygophyllaceae. screened crater permitting 25-mg. servings at minimum temperature provided you (user) suck slowly enough. ABBREVIATION: LARTRI SYNONYMS: Larrea divaricata Cav. Water loss is reduced by the resinous waxy coating of the leaves, and by their small size, which prevents them from heating above air temperature (which would increase the vapor pressure deficit between the leaf and the air, thus increasing water loss). Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, New Mexico, and Texas in the United States, and Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis Potosì in Mexico. Gas 8. An additional issue relating to Larrea is the claim, publicized a few years ago, that an individual "creosote bush" had been found, I think in Arizona, which is alleged to be 11,600 years old, or the oldest living organism on the planet. In Sonora, it is more commonly called hediondilla;[4] Spanish hediondo = "smelly". Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in spring. i.d. This is distinct from the southern California plant community which is also called ‘chaparral’. Larrea tridentata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Notice that most other plants avoid creosote tridentata Homonyms Larrea tridentata Coville Larrea tridentata J.M.Coult. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. * Exclusive content not on the website Snake-bite pain 12. arenaria L.D. Not fussy about soil. Larrea tridentata, the creosote bush, is the most common shrub of the three hottest US deserts (Mojave, Sonoran and Chihuahuan).Plants can bloom any time of year, following rainfall, though early spring to early summer is the usual time. Name: Creosote bush: Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata: Origin: Larrea tridentata develops in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan Deserts. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Owing to the harshness of the germination environment above mature root systems, young creosote bushes are much more susceptible to drought stress than established plants. Eventually, the old crown dies and the new one becomes a clonal colony from the previous plant, composed of many separate stem crowns all from the same seed. Constituents: Flavone aglycones (18 different ones); Dihydroflavonol; Larreic acid; Guaiuretic acid lignins including nordihydroguaiuretic acid (NDGA), Quercetin bioflavonoids Colors: Reddish to white (Fruit) Shapes: Small, globose (Fruit) Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Lowers cholesterol, Treats cancer, Multiple treatment, HIV treatment: More facts about Creosote bush Common Name(s): creosote bush [English] creosotebush [English] Accepted Name(s): Larrea tridentata (DC.) The whole plant exhibits a characteristic odor of creosote, from which the common name derives. Acute hepatitis associated with oral use.