For a rich source of dietary proteins and vitamin K, leaves of yuca should be eaten raw. If you live in a warmer climate, however, you might want to store all your root veggies in the fridge. The vegetables are easy to harvest and grow in almost all climates. In the developing world, however, root vegetables are often lauded as a miracle food. Steam, boil, or roast. Potatoes are quick-growing vegetables and produce young tubers. This elongated root vegetable comes in two varieties, black and white. The root veggies best stored in the fridge include carrots, turnips, radishes and beets. Turmeric, garlic and ginger are also root veggies, even though we think of them more as spices. When compared to purple sweet potatoes, they are a whopping 90% lower! Parsnips are surprisingly tasty. I like potatoes and sweet potatoes, but have never liked carrots and beets are just not good to me. And studies show that parsnip contains about 79.5% of water content which is why this vegetable is considered an effective product for a healthy weight loss diet. But my mom eats all those vegetables. Many people mistake this aquatic vegetable for a nut. Since it is the powerhouse of various nutrients (vitamins, minerals, antioxidants), celeriac promises to offer plenty of health benefits. It is widely believed that this biennial plant was first cultivated in Persia for its tasty leaves and nutritious seeds. High in vitamin C, these cruciferous veggies help boost the immune system and keep respiratory infections at bay. Turmeric tends to have a bitter, mustard-like taste which is overpowering if eaten raw. Plus, it is slightly crunchy and sweet in taste and is very nutritious in nature. Depending on where you are from, beets (or beetroot) goes by different names. There are many different ways of preparing root vegetables. Consuming beets leads to a large intake of nitrate, which has many purported health benefits. This means that they, like true root vegetables, are full of vitamins, minerals, and other growth-promoting substances. This biennial vegetable is bulbous with layers of leaves attached to it like it is in a cabbage. Taproots include carrots, rutabagas, beets, radishes, and salsify. These are edible plants in which the leaves, stems, flowers, or roots are edible. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Carrots are another sweet type of root vegetable, and although we mostly think of carrots as an orange root vegetable, they come in a wide range of colors. It's also packed with nutrients and has become a recent favorite of mine. For over a thousand years, this flowering plant is a major component of many Asian and Chinese medicines such as Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani. There are two categories of root vegetables: taproots and tuberous roots. Growing root vegetables, such as carrots, beets, and turnips, poses a unique challenge. Cassava is also packed with minerals like copper, iron, zinc, magnesium, and manganese. Some vegetables of similar appearance, especially nonroot tubers, are occasionally incorrectly considered root vegetables. She likes them roasted in the oven. Roots can be baked or grilled, roasted or fried. Let it cook on medium heat until tender. This energy exists in the form of carbohydrates, minerals, proteins, and vitamins and is one of the major reasons why so many root vegetables are consumed by humans. Also known as sunchoke, sunroot, and earth apple, the Jerusalem artichoke is a sunflower species, native to central North America. Or turnips, either. Nematodes (which cause root-knot) Because the cruciferous family of vegetables are susceptible to the same diseases and pests, it’s best to make sure that you rotate the location of all cruciferous vegetables in your garden each year. Root-like vegetables such as potatoes, taro, arrowroot, onions, and garlic fall outside of the true root vegetable family because they do not themselves make up the root of their attached plant. Out of all the root veggies, radishes are easy to plant and grow which is why they are the first choice for novice vegetable cultivators. My favorite root vegetable is the jicama. Vegetables which grow underground on the root of a plant. Also called German turnip, Kohlrabi is a wild cabbage that is the same species as cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, kale, or collard greens. Hence, it is unhealthy for diabetic patients and they should avoid eating Chinese artichoke altogether. People looking forward to gaining weight must consider having manioc daily in their meals. Burdock root is a lesser-known type of root, and it grows throughout North Asia and Europe. The roots are typically full of vitamins and minerals, and for this reason are often considered a “superfood.”. List of root vegetables. Today, carrots are also enjoyed in the form of a healthy drink as they offer a  broad variety of benefits. When preparing carrots, for example, it is usual to cut off and discard their leaves, known as greens, and eat the long, orange roots. It is uncertain how the plant got “Jerusalem” as its first name. However, in America, it is not as commonly used; small quantities of the vegetable are used in preparing relishes, pickles, and side dishes. Varieties of soybeans are used for many purposes. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. I'm sold on jicamas! Examples of common types of root vegetables include: potatoes, beets, parsnips, carrots, celeriac, sweet potatoes, fennel, Jerusalem artichokes, jicama, yams, radishes and turnips. Either way, they provide you with large amounts of fiber. While the exact origination of turmeric is not known, it is widely believed that it originated in Southeast Asia. When cooking with other types of vegetables besides roots, sauté the roots first, as they take longer to cook than other vegetables. These root veggies are highly rich in fiber, manganese, vitamins (vitamin A and vitamin C) and various antioxidants (beta-carotene, anthocyanins, chlorogenic acid etc). Also known as lotus stem, lotus root is a renowned root vegetable which is native to India and China. The flavorsome leaves and stems can also be added in soups and casseroles. Many people do not find root crops as appealing, given their unimpressive growth process which mostly takes place underground. Kohlrabi in smaller sizes is sweeter in taste. Characteristics: This root vegetable looks like a cross between a carrot and a sweet potato. Many of these are nutritionally rich, and some starchy varieties form important staple foods of … Some, like carrots, can be eaten raw, but others are usually cooked before serving. Even before they learned to produce their own underground plants, they scoured for these healthy veggies in the wild. The young leaves can also be cooked and mixed in a wide range of dishes such as mashed potatoes and stews. They can be used interchangeably, and both exhibit a “briny, oyster-like” taste and a “firm, artichokey” quality. I think root vegetables are the underdogs of the grocery store. Some other essential compounds in carrots include Alpha-carotene, beta carotene, lutein, lycopene, anthocyanins, and polyacetylenes. There is really no wrong way to cook or serve a root vegetable. Yams, beets, parsnips, turnips, rutabagas, carrots, yuca, kohlrabi, onions, garlic, celery root (or celeriac), horseradish, daikon, turmeric, jicama, Jerusalem artichokes, radishes, and ginger are all considered roots. For example, antioxidants present in celeriac fight against free radicals, preventing them from affecting body cells. Above all else, they provide a bounty of nutrition to people who are not otherwise getting much to eat and provide far more nutrients than basic staples like rice or other grains. Another crunchy vegetable, parsnips are cream coloured root vegetables that are closely related to carrots. Consider making turnip fries, salad, or coleslaw. It is always ideal to opt for recently harvested kohlrabi as it possesses fresh and stiff leaves. They are another type of flavorful root vegetables that are choked-full of health benefits. I'd rather eat a baked clove of garlic than roasted beets, though! Basically, carrots are a domesticated version of the wild carrots – Daucus carota – native to Europe and Southwestern Asia. They originated from Afghanistan and were originally purple and white in color. Widely ranges from white to pink to red to green to yellow to purple to black mustard (. Of yuca should be eaten raw they, like true root vegetables also blood. 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