Once mature, elderberry hedges provide dense cover, perfect for wind screening or privacy screening, and lots of elderberries. At the nursery I was told to plant next to cultivator bush to produce berries. Although Korsor is considered high-yielding in Denmark, it did not yield as well as the highest yielding S. canadensis cultivars. Starting in that wetter area that has some shade is going to be key, Faith, since these are the conditions that elderberry prefers. Thanks for your message Sarah. Small world, Narelle – my husband grew up on the Eastern Shore, north of you in Chestertown! Many gardeners have noticed that their growing zones have shifted over the past decade or so, and local microclimates have an effect on our gardens that the general USDA Hardiness Zone map does not always indicate. With a good irrigation plan, this could work.… Read more », I live in Idaho Falls, Idaho (Zone 5). Check out our guide to growing elders for more tips. Sambucus canadensis (American Elder) is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub of loose open habit with arching, spreading branches, clothed in a lush foliage of sharply serrated, bright green leaves composed of 7 leaflets. We have dogs and are ordering ducks so I’m concerned about safety if any of them eat the berries. I’m looking for an elderberry that can be used for medicinal reasons and I don’t want it to get too tall. There are good reasons to believe that many collections, including scientific institutions, under the name “Sambucus nigra” cultivated Sambucus canadensis. They tell me that the pH of the soil needs to be between 5.5 and 6.5. American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis) is a plant native to North America with anthocyanin-rich fruits. They grow Mexican elderberry trees in Tucson AZ without shade. I’m located in southern CA in 10a with some 9b zones. To give you a rough idea, for update NY you’re probably looking at zones 3b-6a, depending on how far upstate you go.… Read more ». Hi Tracy! This native cultivar of Sambucus canadensis goes by the common name “Adams.” It is one of the most common elderberries grown in North America and is similar to those found growing wild.Adams ElderberryThe signature white flowers, and large clusters of dark purple fruits, make it easily identifiable as a beautiful yard accent.At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. Any advice on what varieties would do well in these areas? Stick to American varieties of S. canadensis (rather than European S. nigra) if you’re looking for a shorter stature. At maturity, it can reach a height of 10-30 feet, with a spread of 18 feet under ideal growing conditions. But keep in mind, many of these will still reach 10 feet or more. Yum, elderberry baked goods are delicious! This plant is native to the western United States, Mexico, and the West Coast. We have very hot summers and cold winters. Another old-style elderberry, this one is reported to have the largest berries and the highest fruit yield. All elderberries belong to the Sambucus genus, and the three most common species are the European or black elderberry (S. nigra), the American or sweet elderberry (S. canadensis) and the red elderberry (S. racemosa). Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. Given the conditions that they like to grow in, most varieties will do well in Zone 6 – ‘York’ and ‘Adams’ is a favorite combo. Like other elderberries, it produces luscious fruits that have become popular for making delicious wines. I won’t do anything with them but I was curious to know if elderberries ALWAYS have serrated leaves.… Read more », Thanks for your message, Patricia! The Horticulture Dept. Prune … The American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous shrub that comes from North America. Thank you in advance! It is probably at least 5 years old. I want to plant eldeberry in eastern south dakota. There are several types that will do well in your zone, including the Adams, Blue, and York cultivars. Thank you in advance for your advice! I have been researching elderberries because I am trying to figure out if we can grow them in a narrow area (SE section) of our yard. For more tips on growing elderberry, check out our guide here. The Adams and Blue varieties should do well, but the York is our favorite for canning and winemaking, since it offers prolific yields. I mention them because I know they can be found in the area (Central Maine, Zone 4b). Last year I planted a black lace elderberry and it’s doing great. Can we control the spreading since the area we are planning to plant is really narrow? Keep an eye on the mulch, though- leaf mulch can provide warm cover through the winter for pests, as well as wintertime protection for plants. I’m considering trying to make cuttings of elderberries near me to plant as a hedge row on an often wet side of my driveway. In SW Washington you’re in Zone 8, and many varieties should do well there. canadensis genotypes and Korsor the highest of the S. nigra genotypes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. ‘Black Lace’ is one of my favorites, or try cold-tolerant ‘York.’ And be sure to plant in pairs with two different cultivars of the same species for the best harvest. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. Great question, Barbara. I’ve been told they are elderberries. Can you recommend one for me? I now live in southeastern Arizona, a completely different growing zone, and I miss them! It appears most like your Lemony Lace variety. I’m not familiar with the name ‘Green Lace’ – perhaps this could be the ‘Lemony Lace’ variety? Be sure to grow at least two plants to get the best harvest. Spartanburg is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 7b, or Zone 7a if you reside a bit outside the city and further to the north. We have beautiful rainy winters that sometimes hit freezing and get a few snows, and in the last 5 years (since we moved here) some unusually brutal summers, that are dry and hot, as high as 105°. Sambucus may be pruned minimally to maintain a healthy framework, but it benefits from hard pruning to restict its size. I am located in Louisiana. Hey there. I want to cultivate a medicinal garden, and I would be so happy to find a variety that can grow in zone 8-9. For comparisons, assuming S. nigra has levels of no more than 25 micrograms of cyanogenic glycosides/milligram of berry weight[10], assuming all of the glycosides were converted to cyanide, and assuming a toxicity of 50 mg for a 50kg vertebrate [11], one would need to eat 2 kilograms (~4.4 pounds) of berries in one sitting to reach the lower limits of lethal toxicity (1mg cyanide/kg of weight). Just realized I may have misinterpreted your question, Cynthia- if you’re asking whether this type can help to pollinate other higher-yielding varieties, this would depend on the species and bloom time. What color are they? at Cornell recommends fertilizing every spring with ammonium nitrate, and checking your soil’s pH before you start isn’t a bad idea- 5.5-6.6 is recommended for these to thrive. I grew up in western pa, we would pick the elderberries along side the railroad tracks.. mother made the best elderberry pies… we live in golden valley az, a hot dry desert area. They have many black berries in the same fashion my elderberries do but leaves are not serrated. It is a full 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide at least. The trees are shaded in the morning but would have full sun in the afternoon. In USDA Hardiness Zone 10, blue elderberry (S. cerulea) may be your best bet, but this type may also produce suckers readily. Isn’t Pinterest a great resource? Not sure how similar/different they are to more traditional elders in terms of medicinal qualities or how hardy they are, but they are related. Prioritize good rest and healthy eating, avoid crowds where exposure is likely, cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue or your elbow (rather than your bare hands), wash your hands frequently and well, and encourage others to do the same. Elderberries do spread by suckers, though some varieties spread more readily than others, and this also depends on whether they have an ideal growing environment or not. Are you able to utilize the magnification settings on your computer or mobile device, to enlarge images online? What kind should I plant with it to get the most (and best tasting) fruit production for canning? Height: 6 to 10 feet. Approach (from AD-416) Forty-eight elderberry genotypes, primarily Sambucus canadensis L. (North American elderberry) but four S. nigra L. (European elderberry) as well, have been established. If you’re OK with height, S. nigra varieties can be planted as well. I make a syrup from dried berries but I would like to expand to make it fresh and make jams and such as well. Prefers moist, humusy soils. These highly nutritious berries and flowers are so potent for boosting the immune system, that there are many over-the-counter medications named after this genus of … How wonderful that you found some wild elderberry plants on your property! I want both actually but since this is about Elderberry plants, I’ll stick with that! My favorite combo of ‘York’ and ‘Adams’ should be a safe bet for your area, and it sounds like you have plenty of space to grow these! Spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Do you prefer to choose by foliage, flower, or berry? Hi I live in Fredericksburg, Va zone 7 and want to get an elderberry plant. Plants are coarse and best used for naturalizing or as a back of the border hedge. I am in Katy Texas (Zone 9A) could you please tell me which elderberry would grow well in my area? A smaller cultivar, this type typically attains a height and spread of 3-5 feet at maturity. There’s not much of a difference between the zones in your case, but keep the conditions in your own garden – in terms of available light, qualities of the soil, etc. Thanks for your help. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, pinnate with five to nine leaflets, the leaflets around 10 cm long and 5 cm broad. Foliage becomes bright red before dropping off for the winter. It is also known as the pie elder, American elder, black elderberry, elder-blow, sweet elder or just elderberry. Hi, I also grew up in Penna. Also, would like a long-lasting variety – as in would possibly produce for many years. Do you think that will be a problem? Abstract: American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) is a plant native to North America with anthocyanin-rich fruits. Be sure to process your berries thoroughly and throw away the green berries and the stems. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zon… Other parts of the plant, such as leaves, stems, roots, seeds and unripe fruits, can be toxic at lethal doses[6][7] due to the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, and alkaloids. I use the berries but I still want the fragrant yummy flowers. American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) has not been grown or promoted as a medicinal plant like its European relative. [13][14] Other sources claim that the sambuca was an ancient stringed instrument made from the wood of the elder tree. The birds will be thrilled! But S. canadensis types like the Adams can also grow to fit your height requirements. Help, Thanks for reaching out, Sandee! While most types do grow rather large, they can be pruned, or you might be able to locate dwarf cultivars from some nurseries. I live in Topanga, CA (zones 10a & 10b), which varieties of elderberry do you recommend for my region. I’d love to have a medical hedge. It is particularly noted for its aromatic late spring flowers and its edible fruits (elderberries). The American or common elderberry, Sambucus canadensis, and European or black elderberry, Sambucus nigra, are important plants. The American elderberry grows wild among fields and meadows. Cross-pollination will depend on whether or not their bloom times coincide. Our soil is clay which can be hard as concrete or slick when wet. Thanks for your question, Moranda! Good luck this season- let us know how adding them to your Arizona medicinal garden goes! WE have a fully mature Sutherland Gold Elderberry on our back fence in full sunlight in chilly Colorado Springs. Hi Libby! Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Maybe I can chime in? Please leave your pick of the best in the comments! I want to plant 2 types of elderberry. First and foremost, it’s important to proceed with caution when you’re considering eating any new or previously unknown foraged foods. Michigan growing zones range between 4a and 6b, depending on where you’re located, so most varieties will do well if they’re given adequate space, shade, and watering in well-draining soil. Berries are large and the bushes are very productive. Kat. Sambucus mexicana it is drought deciduous. We don’t have a very wet climate but I would like to grow here for medicinal purposes. It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Originated in New York. Good luck! Seeds for this unique plant are available from Amazon. 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