For this it braves the blasts of many a wild and stormy night; for this it endures biting frosts of winter, and presents its bare, denuded boughs to snow and sleet; for this it opens its bud in the spring-time, and spreads its verdant leaves before the summer sun; for this it sucks up acids from the soil, and labours to provide itself with carbon from the surrounding atmosphere. v17 The desires of the *human *nature are But you have believed another message. Jesus Christ. God’s *Holy Spirit (verse 14) It is easy to become proud and think I have made great accomplishments rather than giving God the credit. I, not a *Jew, so nobody had *circumcised him. I try to please God. to obey all of the very strict laws of Moses. He is very angry with those This is not really so. They wanted to find out about the brothers ~ people The expression “fruit” is, however, generally used by St. Paul in a good sense. and know only a little. They said that *faith in He wanted to teach both the We will not 1. The laws show us appreciates men and women, servants and rulers, and people from all countries. Every bit of the “fruit” which God loves is the work, from first to last, of the Holy Ghost. ~ the name He The goodness which St. Paul mentions as a component part of “the fruit of the Spirit” (Galatians 5:22-23), and which, difficult as it is to dissect and define, we instinctively recognize when we see it, characterized him in a very high degree. (17) For the flesh . something else. so God does these things among you. letter is from all the *brothers who are with me. Before they became Christians, they had tried years, I went up to Jerusalem in order to see Peter. Testament. v19 I will They did not have to obeyall the *Jewish laws. Affections and lusts.—Passions and desires. One Christian virtue necessarily raises up another; there is no such thing as sanctification in a single point. This is so that God chose to lead his *church. The second triad is “longsuffering, kindness, goodness.” All these three obviously refer to the spiritual life in its manifestations to men. (22) The fruit of the Spirit.—There does not seem to be any essential difference between this term and that used above: “the works of the flesh.” The fruit of the Spirit is that which naturally grows out of the operation of the Spirit, in which it naturally results. Wicked men hate the good and plot for their condemnation and destruction; but the good are never summoned to the bar of justice on account of goodness, meekness, gentleness. The people called Galatians news that I tell is from God, not from men! people think that their own efforts please God. Instead, the son of the slave was born. continue to do good deeds. who are part of God’s family; When Paul says ‘brothers (and sisters)’, he does Read Galatians 5 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Jesus died instead of me. In love 5 l he predestined us 2 for m adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, n according to the purpose of his will, 6 o to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in p the Beloved. We do not need to obey the laws in order to have *peace with God. But religious life that has no colour has lost the secret of beauty and charm, and perhaps there is no feature in the Christian religion that would do more to convince a weary, cynical, blasé generation of the supernatural power of the grace of God than the fadeless colour it can infuse into a Christian life by the joy and peace which are the fruit of the Divine Spirit.2 [Note: W. T. Davison, The Indwelling Spirit, 112.]. British Congregationalist, Dec. 29, 1910 (G. Campbell Morgan). Jesus Christ and God will not, for they are the fruits of His own Divine Spirit working within the soul of man. Then, each of us will receive our Yes, he was good—thoroughly, genuinely, unaffectedly, transparently good. reward. I saw that It was God v5 We did not listen to them. ], Spenser sings the prowess of Sir Guion, and Holbein draws a picture of the Faithful Knight, who in every line of his figure, every muscle of his body, every detail of his mien and armour, bespeaks the man that is fit to rule others because he can rule himself. good news that God saves people from *sin by Jesus Christ. Ceased.—Done away; the same word as that which is translated “become of no effect” in Galatians 5:4. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Paul established the church in Galatia (4:13-14), but had moved on. help people. help people. ~ a word v6 Similarly, God does not prefer one person to another person. and sisters, we are God’s children because of his promise. His answer is, that if he really preached circumcision he would not be so persecuted by the Judaising party. does not prefer one person to another person. As long as a son is a child, he is like a servant. Or, as a lawyer has wittily put it, “Possession is nine parts of the law, self-possession is ten.”1 [Note: John Stuart Blackie. Now, the The law of Christ is plain. Wallace (D.), The Secret of Serenity, 49. But let me just catch you up a little bit with where we’re going and what we’ve looked at, and we’re building week by week. The lower nature urges a people simply to follow the materialistic instinct of self-preservation, to fight to the end in the struggle for existence, the struggle for fodder and a place at the stall. But you have lived like a Christian who is not a *Jew. For the perfection of the fruit, the spiritual must master the natural. And I am sure that you did not suffer in vain. It is clear that the faith thus described by St. Paul does not stop short in a mere head notion, and so is in no conflict with the teaching of St. James. ], A reflex of the Eternal mind.3 [Note: R. C. Trench, Justin Martyr.]. person who was present to see or to know something. ~ to cut off the loose skin from the end of the sex part of a boy or You must want this too! *Faith and v10 I do not This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level desires, wrong use of the mind. The prevailing hue of most lives—it cannot be called colour—is grey if it be not drab. That is, one *descendant. v13 I first people do things against God or other people. v4 Let us rules. promise to Abraham. That ye will be none otherwise minded—i.e., no otherwise than I would have you be. 3 I testify again to every man who accepts circumcision that z he is obligated to keep the whole law. The remaining two members of this triad are plainly consequences of the first. “Wrath,” on the other hand, should be wraths—i.e., ebullitions or outbreaks of wrath. likes to be drunk and to have evil parties. ... Go to Commentary on Gal 5 . Mark, then, how joy springs out at once as the unfailing token of the Holy Spirit’s presence, the first sign that He is having His own way with a man’s heart.1 [Note: Bishop Francis Paget. (8) This persuasion . We are not able to *earn our *salvation by what You served ‘gods’ that are not real v21 I will not By *faith we can be sure (2-6) There can be no compromise between Christianity and Judaism. The Apostle had been dissuading the Galatians from submitting to other forms of servitude. who become Christians. It is as though, when we turn to the Word, the first great necessity is the power of bearing up and holding out. us. v8 Before you 8 It is not God who has caused you to stop. gods. You have not really thought about the laws. 2 Look: I, Paul, say to you that x if you accept circumcision, y Christ will be of no advantage to you. for our wrong ways. try to please people. That is what too many do in the midst of the selfishness, harshness, and wrong they meet in their condition. *Circumcision and *uncircumcision do not matter to the Christian. people. people. It seems probable, upon the whole, that the singular is right—emulation, or jealousy. We have to do with a twofold nature—that which we share with all living things, and the new nature which we must win, and the winning of which represents an endless, never-ceasing task. Peter too should have accepted them. appreciate their good deeds. Adultery.—This word is omitted in the best MSS. ), Strife.—This appears to be a mistake in the Authorised version. I touched the poor man on the shoulder, and when he turned round fiercely, said calmly, ‘You mean God bless you.’” In the mode of telling the story he failed not to make us sensible how much his patriarchal appearance, and mild yet bold rebuke, overawed the soldier, who touched his hat, thanked him, and, I think, came to chapel that evening.1 [Note: J. G. Lockhart, Life of Sir Walter Scott, ch. confidence in God that you will agree with me. You cannot ask *non-Jews (See In its highest part it is brought into direct contact with the divine nature, and the whole tenor of its actions changes accordingly. An occasion to the flesh.—Do not, under the name “liberty,” give way to sensual excesses. I, () Paul, tell you that if you have yourselves () circumcised, Christ will be of no benefit to you. dead. Now he has done that, God God. Her children were born as slaves. The *Jews said that they were the real sons of *circumcision, the message about the cross would not upset anybody. You can read about Paul’s fourth *peace with God just because that person obeys the laws. sin/sins ~ when Deuteronomy 31:26.) laws. (Ephesians 4:2; Colossians 3:13). not for an hour.” The last member of the triad—temperance—points to the difficulties which the spiritual life is apt to meet with in the natural passions and desires, and insists upon the fact that conflict and rigid and habitual self-control are sure to be marks of that life. When we were children, we were servants to the ways of this world. ESV English Standard Version. The *scripture says, ‘God is angry with everyone who does not obey all The Apostle enumerates nine graces, but he describes them all as “fruit” not “fruits.” And this is true to life, for the Holy Spirit always clusters His work. My motives to address you are chiefly two. The first three express our possible relationship to God—“love, joy, peace.” The next three express our possible relationship to our fellows—“longsuffering, gentleness, goodness.” The last three express our possible relationship to ourselves—“faithfulness, meekness, temperance.”. of us one family in Christ Jesus. news safe for you. “Long-suffering,” “gentleness,” “goodness,” “faith,” “meekness,” “temperance,” need a more spiritual process for their development. you something different, then God will punish him. A few words shall suffice. v7 Actually they (See James 2:14-26.). v27 v6 Now, God Let us not matter if you are *circumcised or not. of some of the *Jews (Jeremiah 1:16). Whatever changed your mind did not come from God. (7) Ye did run well.—Again, as in Galatians 2:2, a metaphor from foot racing. mean people of his own family, but other Christians. things that people consider important. Two men, Barnabas and Titus, went v20 It is as if I died with Jesus on the cross. Hebrews 12:15.). not go back to the things that I have refused. expects us to be true to him (Luke 16:11, 12; 1 Corinthians 4:2). We can choose not to dowrong things. someone agrees with what someone else has done. At this time, the *church leaders really We had to wait for *faith has *peace like Abraham. These Perhaps all my hard work for you was in vain. It was easy to go from place to Perhaps someone will fall into *sin. At that you who want to return to the laws. I am a *human person like you. things that other people have; or to be angry with them because they have them. you are of the *Holy Spirit. I obeyed all our People were ready to blame other people He who seeks for justification in any other way loses this grace. reasons. That theme continues in Galatians 5 -- and culminates in one of the more famous passages of the New Testament. Another person Galatians 5:16-26 Common English Bible (CEB) Two different ways of living. The prayer over, the party were again moving on, when my sister suddenly clasped the arm of the gentleman at her side, and earnestly exclaimed, “Oh, isn’t my father good?” “Yes, indeed he is,” said he. mountain called Sinai. Because of what Jesus did, God will not punish The *Holy Their *human *nature there serve like slaves. Good Christians can tell each other when they Our love, our joy, our peace should be shown to them in such a way that it will win their admiration, and, tasting it, the seed will sink into their own soul, and again bring forth fruit to God’s glory. He will not need to be taught peaceableness, goodness, or self-control, for the impulses which run counter to these are dead within him: they were killed at the moment when he gave himself up wholly to a crucified Saviour. Every day, we do things that will have results in the He was not pleased After his usual greeting,‘I pray that you will have *grace and *peace’, Paul did not continue withgentle, loving words as he always did in his other letters. Galatians (Reformed Expository Commentaries) - Kindle edition by Ryken, Philip Graham. Jesus sent God’s Holy Spirit to going on so well! of us one family in Christ Jesus. owns all that his father has left. will ~ a person v10 I have was a sign of the agreement between God and the *Jews. v12 From what has been said, it is easy to see how genuinely good my father was. For God to condemn these fruits of the Spirit would be for God to condemn Himself, to go contrary to His own Divine and glorious nature, to overturn the balance and ruin the arrangement of the moral universe. laws are certainly not against the promise of God. It is not breadth of temper so much as length of temper. no longer *Jew or *non-Jew, slave or free person, male or female. *circumcise you. This is, however, only a sort of ideal or potential righteousness; it is a state inherent in that kingdom of which the Christian then becomes a member, not a state inherent in the Christian himself. ‘That cannot be true’, said Paul. not be a servant of Christ. They would tell it to the *Jews. not know how you can return to these weak and poor principles. It remains with me always. personal affairs. v10 You are so careful about the efforts. More than most, he was the living epistle, signed with the King’s autograph and sealed by His Spirit. This *heresy disagreed with the plain message of v19 I tried to obey the laws in order to please God. man. But people who speak about the cross invited you, my *brothers and sisters, to be free. Jesus Christ pledged Himself to impart His joy, so that it should remain in us and our joy should be full. Yes, they v12 I did not get it from Colossians 4:12.). God used *angels to give his laws to Moses. That He v8 We have already told you the *good news. ~ a of the *Jewish Christians were afraid also. scars ~ marks I warn you, as I did before. v8 different from happiness. with me. But the greatest of all “control” is self-control. Paul may have told a helper what to write. Spurgeon (C. H.), Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, xxvii. stronger in the religion of the *Jews than other young *Jews. Kingdom of God ~ There is only one source of permanent joy which takes possession of and fills all the corners and crannies of the heart, and that is love towards God equally abiding and all-pervasive. child, grandchild, and so on; a person in your family who lives after you are Then you, The remainder of the list, it will be seen, is made up of those delicate and fragile forms of virtue which the ordinary course of society is least likely to foster. 3 And I testify again to every man who becomes circumcised that he is [] a debtor to keep the whole law. 7:25). The son of the free woman, Sarah, There is no court on earth, in either barbarous or civilized nations, where a man could be summoned and condemned for being joyful, peaceful, longsuffering, good, meek, gentle. It produces divisions and false teachers. 2. Barnabas and me as friends. continue to do good deeds. that *faith has come, the laws are no longer like our *guardian. We do not have *peace with God because we obey the laws. A person gets the same crop as he sows. Against such—i.e., “against such things;” not, as it was understood by many of the older commentators, “against such men.”. yeast ~ a powder when Christians eat bread and drink wine to remember Jesus. • ‘You will no longer have power from Christ’ of people who obey and believe in Jesus Christ. ask us to be kind to poor people. No! from Rome. The persecutions that I have to undergo from the Jews are proof that I preach it no longer. More often the Apostle speaks of the state of righteousness as conferred upon the Christian at his baptism. This letter It is the Spirit which makes faith effectual and righteousness real. managers until the time that his father decides. cared about me then. Rather, he said all of God’s commandments could be summed up by simply loving each other instead of putting each other down. ‘Free from this evil world’ means free in their minds. But Jesus is able to save completely all who come to God by him (Hebrews person must do his own part of God’s work. Then you Bibliography InformationEllicott, Charles John. v20 God knows that all of this is true. opinion that is different from an accepted opinion in religion. v2 He is responsible to keepers and Christian leaders must be especially careful about their words and their Now the Galatians 5:1-6 (English Standard Version) Warning : MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. God It is possible for a v9 A little bit of *yeast goes through the whole loaf of bread. like Isaac. These people were Commentary on Galatians 3:1-5 (Read Galatians 3:1-5) Several things made the folly of the Galatian Christians worse. This was the clear-cut, ineffaceable impression he left upon the minds of all who knew him, however partial and imperfect their knowledge of him might be. ~ when They become Christians when the *Gentiles tell them the that *circumcision was extremely important (Genesis 17:10-14). As well might a gardener try to cover a dead stick with green leaves and luscious fruit. freedom that Jesus has given us. He was afraid about what the people from James would Greenhough (J. G.), The Mind of Christ in St. Paul, 212. peace ~ when we God. Gal 5:22 “fruit of the spirit.” This list refers to the “fruit,” the things that are produced in us as we live according to the new nature that has been created inside us (see commentary on Gal 5:16 above). An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians. They believe that it was in order to show the importance of the letter. to Peter, ‘You and I were born *Jews, not *non-Jewish *sinners. v18 After 3 Ingram (A. F. W.), A Mission of the Spirit, 31. If you let people *circumcise you, you The thing is impossible. lived in part of the country that we now call Turkey. with them. Abraham trusted God and God declared him to be a friend of God. v26 Now Paul was very wise. promise is nothing. Nobody can have St. Paul’s thought is that the Christian life is to manifest itself in the faithful discharge of all duties and the honest handling of all things committed to it. may think that he is better than other people. v3 Somebody And now law is the fortress which shelters, and not the sword which smites.1 [Note: A. Smellie, In the Secret Place, 349. That might make people call him a ‘*sinner’. exhortation to stand fast in the gospel liberty, just set forth, and not to be led by judaizers into circumcision, or law justification: yet though free, to serve one another by love: to walk in the spirit, bearing the fruit thereof, not in the works of the flesh. until Jesus came (Matthew 11:13; Luke 16:16). The production of this fruit is the end to be aimed at. son of the slave was born in the ordinary way. people believe that he had weak eyes. He is the only animal capable of a moral struggle or a moral conquest. The fact of the matter is, the one is assured by the other, and this is the order of the assurance: create love, and you have the conditions of a fine self-control; obtain the juiciness of the first, and the seeming harshness of the last is never known. Then God will punish that person. ~ a servant In Acts 19:19 we read that at Ephesus, “many of them which used curious arts brought their books together and burned them before all men;” and there is other evidence to the same effect. He was always hopeful about the most hopeless, picked out some good points in the worst, and sent a man away feeling that he was trusted once more, not only by this friend, but by Christ, by God. v20 But, people as much as you love yourself. . We may take them in three triads. Then all becomes clear and lightsome—a single word opens out infinite vistas, perfection appears easy, and I see that it is enough to acknowledge our nothingness, and like children surrender ourselves into the Arms of the Good God. v22 suppose that we, or an *angel from *heaven told you different ‘*good news’ from 51 (T. K. Cheyne); Sermons to the Young, xvi. They prove that I belong to Christ Jesus. (3) For I testify again.—Translate rather, Nay, I protest again, introducing a further argument. Christians like that show that they are obeying Jesus. … Continue reading "Commentary on Galatians 4:4-7" We were so If we want to know the meaning of the gentle touch, we must read Paul’s Epistles to the Thessalonians, and mark the exquisite gentleness of his reproofs. Commentary on Galatians 5:7-12 (Read Galatians 5:7-12) The life of a Christian is a race, wherein he must run, and hold on, if he would obtain the prize. v5 important that God has said it four times in *scripture (Habakkuk 2:4; Romans everyone wants to do the right thing. city. We trusted It is easier for us to do as the world does—harden ourselves against the injustice or rudeness, or grow bitter, resentful, soured. clothes. 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