Mugwort – Artemisia douglasiana – molush (Chumash) [2] The extensive rhizomes help prevent erosion by stabilizing streambanks. [7], Its seeds are foraged by a variety of native birds and its leaves are used as nesting material by some native bees. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map. Artemisia douglasiana is dicot, and a perennial forb. It can be easily transported as seeds. is a well-known medicinal plant of South Africa, where it is known as “wilde als.” It is widely used for numerous ailments including colds, coughs, diabetes, heartburn, bronchitis, and asthma. endstream endobj 248 0 obj <. The plant prefers direct sunlight and moist soils, but tolerates shady areas and dry soils. Found in virtually every county of California, this plant has been used as a ceremonial plant in many Native American cultures, for use in treating a minor injury or as a dream potentiator. Both plants are similar in looks and uses… 5 Top Medicinal Uses Of Artemisia Vulgaris (Mugwort) 1. ex Willd. Let it steep for 5 minutes and then strain. The book lists a number of other uses, modern and traditional. It is a colony plant, forming stands of many individuals all interconnected by underground rootstalks. You can tie the leaves to your forehead or rub the leaves between your hands while in water and then wet your head and hair. Though it isn’t a Middle Earth-Lord of the Rings remedy as its name sounds, it is an old remedy of Europe, Asia and Africa used for thousands of years, which has naturalized as a weed in North America. Artemisia afra Jacq. It is commonly called California Mugwort or Douglas' Sagewort. Mugwort is commonly found in open to shady places and in drainages throughout the California Floristic Provence. Medicinal properties Medicinal parts Has medicinal uses no Do not self-administer no Do no use if pregnant no Legally restricted no Toxicity precautions Medicinal notes A well-known pollen producer, this plant is to be avoided on dry, windy days. A. douglasiana and A. vulgaris have similar medicinal uses; A. douglasiana is used to promote menstruation, as a stimulant, tonic, to treat nervous disorders, and as a diuretic . [9][14][15], It is also planted by contemporary herbalists for both medicinal and spiritual uses. The foliage is beautiful and fragrant with a long history of medicinal uses. Its stems grow from a substantial colony of rhizomes which require a minimum soil depth of 16 cm and can grow in fine to coarse soils. Shown above is a Chumash coiled tray which was used for winnowing and parching seeds. Artemisia douglasiana, known as California mugwort, Douglas's sagewort or dream plant, is a western North American species of aromatic herb in the sunflower family. The Aromatic Plant Project advise A. douglasiana is a beneficial wash to ease the pain of aching muscles and joints. [2], The herbaceous perennial is native to the Western United States in California and areas of Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington; and in northwestern Baja California, Mexico.[3][4][5][6]. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. It has been used medicinally and ceremonially for thousands of years around the world, and the plant Flora of North America Vol. ], Artemisia douglasiana is cultivated as an ornamental plant by specialty native plant nurseries, for planting in wildlife gardens, natural landscaping design, and habitat restoration and erosion control projects.[11][17]. Well watered plants can grow even taller. Bù9æ´=‘ËÞ4@Ü#ÈÀ›2è^; -ÄÀ¿H310ð´‚ÅYW€­âªO*c0 ¨'D It is little used in modern herbalism, though it … (McCarthy et al 2012). medicinal plant, Artemisia pallens. It occupies hardiness zones 6a to 10b and occurs at elevations ranging from 0–3080 meters. 6. Among the Chumash, mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana) leaves were chewed for toothaches. [8], Its grey-green leaves are evenly spaced, elliptical, and lobed at the tips. Helps to … A species native to the western U.S. (Artemisia douglasiana), can be used interchangeably. Found at the West depression near Campus point (Map) This plant has several medicinal uses including headache, cough and possibly poison-oak remedies. Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana) “This plant contains serotonergic agents that interfere with addiction mechanisms. Bor.-Amer. Flower Essence: Artemisia douglasiana, a close relative of Artemisia vulgaris is used. Mugwort herb, or the Latin name Artemisia vulgaris, has a long and rich history in culinary, medicinal, and magical uses as an herbal remedy.Mugwort is one powerhouse of an herb that has been used since ancient times for cooking, beer-making (before hops), magic, medicine, smudging, protection, dreamwork, protection against diseases and misfortunes and more. The Comps of Mexico: A systematic account of the family Asteraceae, vol. Artemisia douglasiana is native to the western United States, and is what is in the photos that follow. The plants descend from the Aster Family: the Asteraceae, like the daisies and sunflowers. CalFlora taxon report, University of California: San Francisco State University, Biogeography of Mugwort by Laurel Poeton, "A. douglasiana: Plant Characteristics and Associations", "Ethanolic Extracts of California Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana Besser) Are Cytotoxic against Normal and Cancerous Human Cells". A. douglasiana is susceptible to infection by Xylella fastidiosa which causes Pierce's disease. [7] A. douglasiana is often found in ditches and streambanks. Add in a cup of boiling water to it. This plant may have been transported throughout the world by early humans who needed it for its medicinal and food value. 19, 20 and 21 Page 524 Northwest mugwort, Douglas sagewort Artemisia douglasiana Besser in W. J. Hooker, Fl. Artemisia indica – grows in the Himalaya region Uttarakhand (in northern India). Its leaves have been shown to contain thujone and cineole. The Miwok use the leaves to prepare a tea that is sipped to reduce swelling in any part of the body, and use it to relive prostate problems. Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) – Illustration Additionally, mugwort is used as a folk and herbal remedy for various ailments including colds, epilepsy, colic, fevers, asthma, bronchitis, sciatica and kidney problems and there is some scientific indication it can lower blood sugar levels. Provides excellent cover and seeds for birds. View photos of the medicinal plant Artemisia douglasiana (California mugwort). Diabetes. Artemisia is a potent herb in the pharmacopeia, Old World and New. Artemisia douglasiana Seems like A douglasiana has some medicinal uses too, certainly the essential oil and hydrosol. Artemisia douglasiana high up in the slot-canyon of Flow Falls; I’ve read that John C. Fremont was the naturalist who classified the genus. Artemisia vulgaris L. var. This plant was also used to cauterize wounds using small cones of dried mugwort leaves, which were placed on the skin and ignited. Used for clarity in dream work. Phytologia Memoirs 10: i–ii, 1–22, 43–93. It was commonly carried to ward off spirits of the dead and was smoked or drunk as a tea to induce vivid dreams. douglasiana (Besser) H. St. John Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Latin name: Artemisia tridentata Synonyms: Seriphidium tridentatum Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sage Brush: Sage brush was widely employed by many native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a wide range of disorders. 10. Among the medicinal plants used by these Indians was Artemisia douglasiana which was made into a tea to soothe poison oak rash. It has a powerful aromatic smell and just as sage, mugwort has been used for centuries in spiritual ceremonies by the Native Americans to purify or bless places or people, and to banish evil spirits. Barbareño: we’wey. Turk J Bot 38: 491-498. The leaves of mugwort, however, are not small and finely divided like those of sagebrush, but are rather large and broad, green on top and white below. Artemisia glacialis – also known as the glacial wormwood, it’s native to the Alpine regions of France, Italy, and Switzerland. Burning, smudging or smoking sage functions as a blessing, accompanied with prayer, in order to protect someone. [12][13], This plant also had ceremonial and spiritual purposes for many tribes. The content of these substances is more effective to treat malaria disease rather than substances produced by quinine plants. Latin: Artemisia californica. It was also used to treat women's reproductive issues, including irregular menstruation and was occasionally used as an abortifacient. Medicinal: Douglas’ sagewort is highly esteemed by many California tribes for its many medicinal applications. [7] The stems grow erect and range in height from 0.5–2.5 metres (1.6–8.2 ft). 2, 22 White Sage Early research shows that taking an Artemisia herba-alba water extract might lower blood sugar levels in some people with type 2 diabetes Helps us to interpret our dreams and merge the knowledge and insights gained in dreams and any spiritual/magickal work into our every day lives. Uses & Effectiveness? Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) California Mugwort is an erect and aromatic plant, growing to be three to seven feet, with small, inconspicuous flowers that form terminal clusters. Tageteae and Athemideae. Artemisia Vulgaris Tea: To make mugwort tea, take around 1 to 2 grams of dried leaves and flowers in a bowl. It has several medicinal uses. Artemisia vulgaris, which is native to Europe, Asia, North Africa, and Alaska, but is naturalized in the rest of North America. NPIN−Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: University of Michigan at Dearborn: Native American Ethnobotany of, UC Irvine: Local natural history & ethnobotany of, "Native American Uses of California Plants: Ethnobotany", Alternative Nature’s Online Herbal: Mugwort, Jepson Manual Treatment — 'Artemisia douglasiana, University of Michigan-Dearborn: Ethnobotany of California mugwort, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artemisia_douglasiana&oldid=979517136, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 06:23. [16][unreliable source? Many of its traditional uses can be attributed to artemisia’s active medicinal constituents including camphor, terpenoids, and tannins. [8], Although A. douglasiana can reproduce from seed, it is primarily propagated from division and spreading of its underground rhizomes. It is also being investigated in treatment of breast cancer. [9][10], During its bloom period, which ranges from May to October, the plant features bell-shaped clusters of flowers containing 5–9 pistillate flowers and 6–25 disk flowers. Mugwort is found in Europe (Artemisia vulgaris), Africa (Artemisia vulgaris), India (Artemisia vulgaris), Asia (Artemisia argyi) and America (Artemisia douglasiana). [7][11], Artemisia douglasiana was used by Native American tribes as a medicinal plant to relieve joint pain and headaches, and to treat abrasions and rashes (including poison ivy). A lukewarm tea is also used. Artemisia douglasiana California Mugwort, Douglas’s Sagewort. [8] The appearance of the 3–5 lobes at the tips of its leaves may range from being seemingly absent to being highly defined. Artemisinin is an extract substance from the plant Artemisia Annua which used as a drug for malaria disease. Artemisia douglasiana; Artemisia stelleriana; ... Mugwort is a plant with many uses and various medicinal benefits. Plant in sun to light shade where it will grow 3 ft. tall and spreading to form a colony. The flowers are inconspicuous, but the plant is strongly and pleasantly aromatic. 1833. Insufficient Evidence for. Its seeds are foraged by a variety of native birds and its leaves are used as nesting material by some native bees. It should not be used as incense and not be tied with yarn or string. California mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana) is a relative of the California sagebrush, to which it bears little resemblance.The small, inconspicuous flowers are similar and both have aromatic leaves. Turner, B. L. 1996. 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